The future of construction

While some might argue that the old ways are the best, the fact is that developments in the construction industry have made it easier and safer to build around the world. The development of new and innovative building materials has allowed architects to better realize their visions, since they make possible more daring structures due to their greater resistance, flexibility and durability. This is a field that develops all the time. If you want to be aware of this, read on to get a list of new construction materials that may well appear in your next big project.

The building materials have been a difficult point since the laws of elasticity were discovered.

Some possible building materials of the future

The future of construction

In recent years, Nanotechnology allowed us to enter the heart of atoms, so we have foreseen not only the material, but also the shape of that material as an essential part of the behavior of materials.

Natural concrete

The researchers, from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of the university, are looking for the natural world, proposing the use of organic materials such as bones, shells and marine sponges to join the aggregate in concrete.

The research is a new attempt to solve the twin drawbacks of Portland cement: the energy needed to do it and the potential for microcracks over time. The idea arose when the team contrasted the extensive knowledge about the structure of natural materials with the “conjectures” about the internal structure of concrete, so it made sense to use more familiar materials in a “bottom-up” approach to production of concrete. ‘Bone-crete’ is not a material ready to be used yet: it is more a starting point for engineers to change the way they choose the composition of construction products.

Improved wood

Scientists discovered that the xylan polymer, which makes up about a third of the structure of wood, has an unusual shape. This allowed them to study how molecules and cells are organized within the walls of the plant.


There will be no more cracks and repairs, there will be no more leaks, there will be no need to waterproof and there will be no further loss of energy from the cracks.

This concrete has bacteria that repair the material, a self-healing material from within in a similar way to how the human tissue heals after a fracture. The bacteria remain dormant inside the material until the cracks let in the moisture and the bacteria goes into action.

Not set in stone

Given the speed of progress in materials engineering, it is quite possible that all these techniques have been perfected in less than five years. Or even dismissed as obsolete by then. New data is constantly collected, largely thanks to the increasingly refined techniques for finite element analysis.

Nobody can predict the future, and it is quite risky to say that this or that will be the construction methods used within one or two decades. Most likely, we are wrong. But what seems quite true is that whatever it is, we will be surprised by who is not familiar with the subject.

In addition, given the high degree of specialization in the use of materials, a large number of different materials will probably be used even in the smallest construction project, each destined to solve a particular problem.

Pay debts with savings

You find £ 1000 stuck under your shoe, you:

  • Add it to your savings account?
  • Buy premium bonuses?
  • Put it towards your mortgage?
  • Pay off your credit card debt?
  • And the answer is … 4.

As incredible as it feels to be able to deposit money in your savings, you must always pay the debts first.

When we save we are paid interest on the savings, HOWEVER, the interest we pay for the money we have asked for almost always exceeds this.

Some mathematics

If you put those £ 1000 in an ISA in cash that gives you a 2.8% interest, you would do £ 28

BUT if you have a credit card bill of £ 1000 on a 20% interest card, you would lose £ 200

The debt exception

Loans for students: have such low interest that you should not rush to pay it, especially if this means that you may have to borrow more expensive credit later.

The golden rule: you should always pay the debt with the highest interest first. Generally it will be in the following order:

Credit cards:

If you have a 0% credit card period, make sure you are paying enough each month to pay off your debt before the interest starts. If you want to pay in excess, you can contact your card provider and request to increase your direct monthly debit.


If you obtained your loan after February 2011, you can pay in excess of £ 8,000 over a 12-month period without being penalized. Some banks are still trying to catch up with this law, if they try and charge it, they direct it to section 94 of the Consumer Credit Law. You must notify the lender in writing (by email is fine) and then pay more over a period of 28 days from the notification. The same rules apply if you have less than £ 8,000 to pay off your loan and want to pay it off completely.


if you do not have to settle any other more expensive debt, and have some money for emergencies, paying a portion of your mortgage is an option. You should check your contract to make sure your lender is one of the many that allows up to 10% overpayment without fees. Check when your interest is calculated, if it is annual and that date has elapsed, then you should place your money in a high-rate savings account to earn interest on it until the calculation date approaches. And make sure you have the best mortgage offer too; If you can change it, you could cut your interest payments.

Read more: What You Need to Know about Mortgage Interest Rates

Balancing credit transfer cards, overdraft credit cards and consolidating your debt into a loan can help you get back to black, for more tips, see our debt guide.

8 things you did not know about your nerves

Take a look at these fascinating facts and illustrations of the nerves in the human body


About nerves

1. There are 100 billion nerves only in your brain.

2. There are more nerve cells in the human brain than there are stars in the Milky Way.

3. If we align all the neurons in our body, it would be about 965 km long.

Read more: Save for longterm healthcare

4. The left side of the human brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body.

5. Newborn babies lose approximately half of their nerve cells before they are born.

6. There are approximately 13.5 million neurons in the human spinal cord.

7. The nervous system can transmit nerve impulses at a speed of up to 100 meters per second and, in some cases, the transmission speed is around 180 miles per hour.

8. The brains of men have 6.5 times more gray matter compared to women, but the female brain has 10 times more white matter compared to men.

Fact on the nervous system

The nervous system is probably the most mysterious and complicated system in our body. However, without it, none of the other systems could work optimally

  • There are more nerve cells in the human brain than stars in the Milky Way
  • If we align all the neurons in our body, it would be about 965 km long
  • There are 100 billion neurons in your brain only
  • The brain of a newborn baby grows almost 3 times during the course of its first year
  • The left side of the human brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body
  • A newborn baby loses approximately half of its nerve cells before birth
  • There are about 13, 500,000 neurons in the human spinal cord
  • The nervous system can transmit nerve impulses as fast as 100 meters per second, and in some cases, the transmission speed is around 180 miles per hour.
  • A man’s brain has 6.5 times more gray matter compared to women, but a woman’s brain has 10 times more white matter compared to men
  • Your nervous system can not function properly in the absence of potassium and sodium ions. Vitamin B is equally essential for your nervous system.

Why Investors Should Buy in Texas

Texas is one of the best states to invest in real estate. It is a Sunbelt state, the job market is diverse and affordability is high. When buying real estate investment property, you want to look in areas of high growth. Texas A&M University’s 2000-2005 statistics show that Texas was the only state to have more than one city among the fastest growing in the nation with San Antonio gaining more than 105,000 people, Fort Worth – 82,700, Houston – close to 60,000 and El Paso with almost 35,000. Fort Worth, now the fifth largest city in Texas, was the city that had the fastest growth percentage in the nation at a whopping 15.3% increase.

More and more people are packing up and moving to Texas. I spoke to someone the other day at the airport who currently lives in Westlake, California. He told me that living in California was too expensive and that he is tired of working only to pay the mortgage and barely getting by on his income. Instead of waiting around for better days, he said that he was going to move to Texas and start over. With a few interviews scheduled, he was flying out to Texas to buy a house near Fort Worth. There he will have many options for jobs and be able to afford the lifestyle he wants. Dallas-Fort Worth had one of the top five biggest increases in jobs last year in the U.S.

Texas is one of the best areas to buy right now and the prices are relatively low. Fort Worth had median price of $115,200 in 2006. Texas has the great prices, a diversified job market, sunny climate and the affordability is a lot higher than states like California and New York. What about property taxes? It is true that Texas has fairly high property taxes, but the low cost of housing and the high rent creates a beneficial balance. The numbers work better in Texas than in most of the country. If you were to buy a rental property in most areas of California, Arizona or Nevada, you would need to put at least a 50%-60% down payment for California to break even and 40% or more for the latter two with a 30-year fixed rate mortgage. In Texas with its high rental rates, you can break even with as little as 20% down. In ten or less years, there is a good chance that the price of the home would double, making the property taxes seem like small change. Why would anyone not want to invest in Texas?

What You Need to Know about Mortgage Interest Rates

There is a popular misconception concerning interest rates and when is the best time to buy or refinance a home. Most believe that if the Federal Reserve Bank (FED) lowers interest rates, then it is a clear signal to act. In reality, the interest rates that are affected by the FED are short-term interest loans and not long-term. If you wait on the FED as the determining factor to buy or refinance a property you may be doing yourself a disservice.

What the FED does control is the rates at which banks lend and borrow to each other, not the mortgage rates. Long-term rates are related to long-term bond yields (the cost of federal funds) that can change on a daily basis and are dependent on the health of the economy and inflation. Whether the FED has reduced rates is not critical. You can still get a great loan if you have a clean credit history. So buying at a low rate does not necessarily mean it will be the most cost effective, especially if the mortgage will expand over a few years. Inflation rates could increase causing mortgage to also increase. Therefore inflation and the economy are factors to take into consideration as well as interest rates when choosing when to buy or refinance.

Currently it is a good deal if you can lock in your rate at 7% or under because there is no way to tell how low a rate can fall before it starts rising again. As a rule of thumb, some experts believe that in the end a good rate is one that works within your budget.

To learn more about how Real Estate Investments can help secure your family’s financial future, go to Dr. Alan Rosenthal’s website at bank where you can find more great investment information. And while you’re there, please sign up for your FREE Financial Health Real Estate Starter Package full of tips, newsletters and much more. Plus, you are cordially invited to attend one of his real estate investment workshops by visiting For additional information listen to one of Dr. Alan Rosenthal’s investment talks at

How to Win at Supply and Demand Real Estate Market

Remember high school Economics’ supply and demand? If there is an increase in demand for your product, you raise your prices. If you have an increase in supply, prices fall. Well, it turns out that is the best advice anyone can give. When we look at real estate investments, we always want to buy where there will be increased demand. Then, when the time is right to sell, you will be well-positioned to make a substantial return on your investment.

From 2001 to 2004, the U.S. experienced a housing boom, meaning the demand exceeded the supply. The nationwide average home price during this time increased 25.6% – mainly because of the East and West coast and Florida booms. But it did not stop there, home sales also improved by 28.7% according to local MLS. With such housing booms how was 2006 supposed to compete? The U.S. Census Bureau chart for Median and Average Sales Prices of New Homes Sold in United States indicates that for 2004 the median sales price was $221,000 with the average at $274,500. In 2006 the median sales prices rose to $246,500 with and average selling price of $305,900. The higher demand for houses in 2004 paved the way for the 2006 housing price increases. But how do you know where the demand is or will be?

When dealing with real estate you always want to start at the bottom of the bell curve, ride the upside and sell before the fall. As long as you make an educated decision on where to buy, your real estate investment should continue to rise in value. For example, you would not want to buy a home in a city where a major corporation had transferred to another city. Sure the houses will be less expensive, but people are less likely to move to a city with a decreasing job market. If you buy in this city, the health of your investment will suffer.

The one good aspect of real estate investments is that there will always be a demand for housing especially with population on the rise and foreigners consistently moving to the U.S. If you look at demographics and the job markets in the area in which you are considering buying, it will help you in your decision and maybe even save you from a big mistake. Remember there will always be a demand for housing. The best way for you to gain financial health is to get some supply!

To learn more about how Real Estate Investments can help secure your family’s financial future, go to HANA’s website at bank  where you can find more great investment information. And while you’re there, please sign up for your FREE Financial Health Real Estate Starter Package full of tips, newsletters and much more. Plus, you are cordially invited to attend one of his real estate investment workshops by visiting For additional information listen to one of Dr. Alan Rosenthal’s investment talks at

Financial Health Begins with Your First Reality Check-Up!

“Discover the Best Places to Invest in Real Estate Today. A Proven Step-by-Step System That Can Help You, Like Hundreds of Others, Become a Real Estate Investor Today. Let Me Hold Your Hand and Help You Invest in Properties Under Fair Market Value, with Built in Equity, Below Replacement Cost, in Growing Booming Areas.”

There are currently 78 million baby boomers, born between 1946 and 1964. The baby boomer generation is knocking on retirement’s door, but with only an estimated retirement savings of $50,000 per person. Even if you don’t live in Southern California like me, unless you live in the woods, hunt, and grow your own food, $50,000 won’t take you very far into retirement. It’s so sad but millions of our generation will be working so much longer, into their golden years, because they have to, not because they want to.

Nowadays it’s very scary if you’re counting on social security or a pension plan, that hopefully will be there, when its time to retire.

The RICH Have Their Money Work for Them… YOU Can Too!

If you’re familiar with the Robert T. Kiyosaki’s Books, the Rich Dad Poor Dad series, you’re familiar with the concepts that the poor and middle class work very hard for their money, while the rich have their money work hard for them. Most of us work 100% for our money, earned income, and the goal is to slowly transform that percentage until we get to the point that we make enough passive income, so our passive income covers 100% of our expenses and gives us the lifestyle that we want and deserve.

For most of us, unless you’re a professional athlete, entertainer, or extremely highly paid executive, this is a slow progression over time. You go from the point of you earning 100% of your income from your job or business, to 100% of your income from your investments. It’s creating investments that will provide you with passive income, over time, so you have the ability to do What you Want, When You Want, Where You Want, With Whom You Want, For the Rest of Your Life.

That’s different for all of us. Maybe you want to travel the world. Maybe it’s giving to your favorite charity or starting a foundation. Maybe it’s generational wealth and leaving a legacy for your kids and grand kids. For me, Financial Health Managment is having the ability to spend a lot more time with my children.

Real Estate Is Your Prescription for Financial Health!

Although some people have made it big in the stock market, for most of us, unless you have a lot of money to begin with, Real Estate is the best option for Financial Health and attaining passive income. Why, the tax benefits are great, but mostly because of leverage. Using leverage with OPM, other people’s money, allows the average person to become a real estate investor.

Isn’t it great that we can go up to a banker, and say “Hi, I’d like to become partners. I’ll put up 10% of the money, you put up 90%, I want all the tax benefits as well as all the appreciation,” and the banker says “Yes.”

But where do you start? What if the prices around where you live are ridiculously expensive and the numbers make no sense whatsoever. Do you not buy? Do you wait years, maybe never having the chance to buy real estate for investment purposes? What if you’re busy at your job, in your career, with your family, or running your business, and you don’t have the time or energy to learn all you need to know about real estate markets across the country?

So what do you do? Simple. You reach out to an expert to guide you. Someone to hold your hand; someone who’s bought, for himself and others just like you, hundreds of investment properties in many different states. Someone who’s spent tens of thousand of dollars and thousands of hours learning everything he could about real estate investing so you don’t have to. Someone who’s helped coach and mentor hundreds of people just like you with acquiring investment properties.

Top Online Betting Games Offering the Best Odds

 Online betting is an exciting game. This is because of its suspense factor. Nobody knows who could be the winner and what is in store for you. After playing a round of online casino games, you can either be lucky by winning the jackpot or not win anything at all. The basic intention behind playing these’s to have a good time. Care should be taken to enhance your own odds of winning decently by limiting your scope of losing. The ideal way to achieve this’s to make a list of the advantages of the available games and selecting the games intelligently.

There are many casino games which require best odds

Craps is one such game that comes first on the list. The casino game gets its name from French. The word crapaud, means ‘toad’ in French. This’s a game of dice, in which players bet against one another, called Street Craps. They may also bet against the bank called Bank Craps. It offers the player, the best opportunity of winning. It gives only 0.60% house advantage. Blackjack known as ‘Pontoon’ comes next in the ranking. Blackjack require ‘Basic Strategy’ which gives only optimal plays. Blackjack gets a house average of 0.8%.

The next favourite is the Baccarat. It is a card game invented in Italy in the 15th Century. In this, the gamer can bet on two options. These options are called the ‘Gamer’ option and the ‘Banker’ option. The house gets an edge of 1.63% while betting on ‘Player’. Online betting sites on the strong ‘Banker’ option gives a better edge of 1.17%. The Pai Gow Poker comes next in the online casino games. It has a 52 cards deck, and a joker. The basic strategy is to set the highest 2-card hand legally. The house has a 2.5% advantage over the gamer.

The Roulette online betting games come next in the list

It means the “small wheel”. It gives the player the selection to bet on a number of things. This can be a number or a set of numbers, any colour, or if the number is even or odd. The house has an edge of 2.7%, if the gamer bets on a single number. Tri Card Poker comes after this. It’s an easy card game. If the player has got a higher 3 card poker online hand compared to the dealer, the player wins. This slot game has a house edge at 3.4%.

This entry was posted in Betting Games, Gambling and tagged Bank Craps, casino, casino games, Street Craps by CasinoGuy.

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How personal loans Work and traps to avoid

Credit cards should not be a default when you are looking to borrow money. Personal loans are not only simpler, they offer better rates. Even better, you can buy a personal loan without damaging your credit score. For example, you can buy LendingTree Personal Loan Shopping Tool to get prequalification in less than five minutes.

When you approve a personal loan and accept the terms, the money can be sent directly to your bank account, or you can get the money with a check.

The terms of the loan are usually quite simple:

  • There is a fixed term.
  • There is a fixed interest rate.

Personal loans are not without their faults

Even personal fiduciary loans can have their own tricks. While we like it more than borrowing with credit cards, you should be careful with:

  • Insurance sold with the loan.
  • Pre-calculated interest
  • The origination fee
  • Prepaid sanctions

Oddly enough, these tricks may not be buried in small print. In fact, your insurance salesman might mention some to convince you that they are necessary for your protection. We want you to understand what these four terms mean so you can decide if you need them and, if you do, how to find options that will not cost you hundreds or thousands of additional fees.

How to avoid tricks

There are a number of lenders that do not combine insurance, do not use interest pre-calculation contracts, do not charge an origination fee and do not have early payment penalties.

We recommend that you shop online to find lenders without those tricks and traps. A good place to start the search is with LendingTree, our parent company. With one, the short online LendingTree form will perform a smooth credit extraction (with no impact on your score) and combine it with multiple loan offers. Interest rates can be lower than 6% for people with excellent credit. And because dozens of lenders participate in the LendingTree program, you can also find lenders willing to accept borrowers with less than perfect credit.

fiduciary loan

Now we will explain, in more detail, the tricks you can find hidden in some personal loan contracts.

Trick one: sure

We all want to protect our families from the unexpected and insurance is an excellent way to do it. In a similar way to how we recommend planning your debt in advance (and looking for the best offer), you should do the same with insurance. However, many personal loan providers will try to add an insurance selling argument at the end of a loan closing. The two most common types of insurance are life insurance and unemployment insurance.

For life insurance, a typical sales pitch would be this: “For the single cost of one can of soda per day, you can make sure that children never have to worry about this debt if they die.” Be careful with these sales of high tactical pressure. The value of these additional policies is almost always scandalously bad.

To protect your family, you should think of a good term life insurance policy that covers not only your personal loan, but all your needs. Do this search separately from the loan transaction.

Unemployment insurance could be a bit more convincing (because, unlike term life insurance, it is difficult to buy a separate policy that would make loan payments on your behalf if you lose your job). I have seen people benefit from these policies. But you need to do the calculations. How much does it cost per month? While you are not at high risk of losing your job in the next 6-12 months, it is almost always better to save money (instead of paying the premium). There are also a lot of limitations on the amount of the loan payment that can be made (and the time that will be paid). You should ask them the following questions:

  1. How much does this cost a month?
  2. What are the requirements to be able to claim?
  3. How much would you pay and for how long?
  4. When you ask these questions, you are likely to see that the policy offered is of little value, and it is better to simply save the money yourself.

Trick two: Pre-calculation of interest

This is a bit confusing. Therefore, we will make it simple. The interest prior to the calculation is a bad business. Avoid it And do not be afraid to ask if they are doing it to you.

It is a complex way to calculate interest, and the complete reason why it exists is to make sure you pay more interest in the first months / years of your loan. Therefore, if you cancel your loan in advance, you end up paying a higher interest rate than the quoted rate.

If you take out a loan with a term of three years and it takes three full years to repay the loan, then there is no difference between a normal loan and a pre-computed loan. But, if you cancel the loan early, you will pay more interest. Advertising is particularly misleading if there is a promise of “no penalty for early payment” because the interest is charged according to the “prequalification” method.

How does pre-calculated interest work?

In a normal loan, the interest will accrue every day at the agreed rate. If you wish to cancel your balance, you only have to return the balance of the loan and the interest that has accumulated since your last payment. Simple.

In a pre-computation loan, the total amount of interest you would pay during the entire term of the loan is calculated and added to the opening balance. Then, if you borrow $ 100, and return $ 50 of interest during the loan, then your balance becomes $ 150. If you cancel your balance early, an interest refund is calculated. The interest refund is calculated using the Rule of 78. This is another complicated way to make sure that you are charged more interest in advance. If you want to know how the calculation works, visit this site.

In a few words: do not be afraid to ask if they calculate the interest using the “pre-calculation” method. If they do, do not be afraid to walk away. Especially if you think you’re going to pay off the loan early.

Trick three: origination fee

Most personal loans charge an origination fee, so there is no way to avoid it. To see if you are getting a good deal, be sure to compare the annual rate of a loan, not the interest rate. An APR includes the origination fee, and assumes that you do not pay the loan early.

There are two ways in which people stay with the rate:

He does not realize that the fee is deducted from the loan amount. If you need to borrow $ 10,000 and there is a 3% fee, be sure to borrow $ 10,309.28. The 3% rate will be deducted and you would end up with $ 10,000 of the loan funds.

You will not receive a refund if you pay in advance. In the previous example, if you paid the loan a day later, you would not be reimbursed for the fee. Then, an origination fee is like a disguised prepayment penalty.

The APR of a personal loan (including the rate and the interest rate) can be much lower than the interest rate of a credit card (and can save you a lot of money). Just make sure you understand the rate and compare the APR.

Trick four: prepay fines

There are indirect ways to collect fines for early payment (precursor interest and origin fees). And then there are direct forms: a fine for prepayment. Most lenders do not charge this, so you should be able to avoid it altogether. Just be sure to ask if there is a prepayment penalty.

Personal loans are great, if you do the research

With a personal loan, you can have a fixed interest rate, a fixed payment and a fixed term.

If you compare APR, then you will make the right decision. Do not limit yourself to choosing a personal loan and finish by taking out a pre-calculation loan, with three complementary insurance policies and a large opening rate, only to refinance the loan three months later. These are sub-prime tricks that can drastically increase costs.

If you borrow for 36 months and pay for it in 36 months, then you are in good shape.

Trò chơi đá gà cựa sắt hấp dẫn tại Campuchia và đá gà Mỹ

Có thể nói hiện nay việc chơi đá gà campuchia nó đã trở thành một trong những trò chơi quá quen thuộc trong giới cá cược đá gà hiện nay, nhưng những người mới bước mới chơi thì chưa hiểu rõ, nắm bắt được hết luật chơi đá gà mới nhất. Bài viết này nhằm chia sẻ với anh em những kinh nghiệm của mình về đá gà cựa sắt.

Luật chơi đá gà nòi

Hai chiến kê phải cùng hạng cân với nhau
Mỗi 1 hồ là 15′ sau 15′ gà được nghỉ 5′ rồi đánh tiếp, gà đang đánh mà một con chết tức là thua, mồm la chân chạy là thua
Trong một hồ mà chiến kê không cắn không đá là thua, nhảy cót liên tục, không đá là thua
Gà chấp mỏ được vay hồ 2 lần, mỗi lần vay 5′, gà đứng 9 hồ 5′ thì 2 chủ gà có quyền nói chuyện Ngổ Hòa

Đây là luật chơi của đá gà chọi vì thế anh em phải biết và nhớ những luật chơi này khi tham gia đấu trường đá gà trực tuyến nhé, tuy nhiên thì mỗi đấu trường lại có luật khác nhau, cái này thì bạn nên trải nhiệm thực tế thì mới có thể biết được, đơn giản như luật Miền Bắc, và Miền Nam và đá gà peru, đá gà campuchia nó sẽ khác nhau 1 phần về luật chơi như sẽ khác về mặt Hạng Nặng – trên 4 kg, hạng trung – từ 3 đến 4 kg, hạng nhẹ – dưới 3 ký đây là điểm khác nhau rõ ràng nhất.

Luật đá gà mỹ thì như nào ?

Về luật đá gà mỹ thì cũng tương tự như luật đá gà chọi thương thôi, cũng được chia ra theo các thứ hạng như trên. Đá gà mỹ, đá gà peru hay đá gà campuchia mới nhất thì trận đấu thường diễn ra một cách nhanh chóng, những chiến kê khi tham gia vào đá gà cựa sắt sẽ phải mang lên mình những chiếc cựa sắt (cựa dao) sắc nhọn. Với những chiếc cựa này thì chiến kê có thể lấy mạng đối thủ chỉ trong một đòn chuẩn xác, điều đó cũng giải thích vì sao mà những trận đá gà cựa sắt thường diễn ra chóng vánh.

Hình thức chơi này được rất nhiều người đam mê và hiện nay nó cũng đang trở lên càng ngày càng hot trong những cuộc đá gà cựa sắt. Cùng theo đó là công nghệ thông tin ngày càng phát triển nên hình thức đá gà ăn tiền trực tuyến được những nhà cái cá cược mở ra.

Một trong những nhà cái ca cuoc da ga hàng đầu Việt Nam phải kể đến như UCW88, M8win, S128 đá gà.Khi đá gà trực tuyến thì bạn không phỉa lo nhiều về mánh khóe lừa bịp vì tất cả nhà cái, đấu trường đều hết sức công minh, tiêu trí công bằng được đặt lên hàng đầu.

Nhưng có điều bạn cần phải phòng tránh khi tham gia những trường đấu đá gà trực tuyến vì có rất nhiều trường gà họ có rất nhiều cách bịp khác nhau, họ có thể chơi thuốc độc, hoặc có thể cháo cựa của bạn và đâm nén vào chân gà của bạn làm chân gà bị đau và không bao giờ đá bay lên được.

Những cách bịp thì bạn cần phải tìm hiểu mình chỉ nêu trên đây thôi còn về vấn đề thì bạn cần phải tìm hiểu kỹ về nó nhé. Tốt nhất bạn nên tìm một nhà cái, một trường gà đáng tin cậy.

Phải nói rằng trong đấu trường đá gà cựa sắt có vô vàn kiểu chơi nhưng để có cuộc chơi bạn cần phải tu bổ cho mình những kiến thức vô cùng bổ ích đó khi mỗi lần tham gia trận đấu để bạn còn biết những luật chơi mỗi địa phương khác nhau. – Xem kết quả, tỉ số bóng đá trực tuyến – Xem kết quả, tỉ số bóng đá trực tuyến

1. Giới thiệu là website cập nhật kết quả, tỉ số bóng đá nhanh nhất tại Trung Quốc. Đây là website được nhiều dân cá độ chuyên nghiệp lựa chọn trước khi đưa ra quyết định đặt cược vào đội bóng nào. 7m china cung cấp thông tin thống kê chi tiết nhất về lịch sữ đối đầu của 2 đội, phong độ gần đây, lịch thi đấu tiếp theo của từng đội bóng, đội hình ra sân. Với những thông số trên bạn hoàn toàn có thể dự đoán chính xác kết quả của mình đang quan tâm.

Dựa trên những số liệu thống kê chi tiết từ và tổng hợp ý kiến từ những chuyên gia bóng đá uy tín trên toàn thế giới. Chúng tôi đưa ra Nhận định và Dự đoán Tỉ Số, Kết quả trận đấu chính xác tới 75%, dự đoán của 7m đã được kiểm nghiệm qua hàng ngàn trận đấu. Bạn có thể xem nó tại chuyên mục Nhận định Bóng Đá. Ngoài ra, nếu muốn biết được thông tin những Kèo thơm, ngon ăn hôm nay. Hãy chuyên qua chuyên mục Soi Kèo nhé .

2. Tại sao 7m cập nhật tỉ số nhanh như vậy

Xét về phương diện kỹ thuật, có 3 đặc điểm quyết định tới tốc độ cập nhật của 1 ứng dụng :

Hệ thống Sever và đường truyền cực lớn
Công nghệ lập trình dữ liệu hiện đại
Hệ thống nhân lực tốt
Tại 7m người ta tìm thấy tất cả điều này. Thật tuyệt vời !

3. Những điểm mạnh của được coi là cuốn cẩm nang rất quan trọng của dân cá độ chuyên nghiệp tại Việt Nam. Vậy những điểm mạnh của 7m là gì ????

Những điểm mạnh của phải kể tới như :

Giao diện thân thiện , dễ sử dụng , tốc độ load thông tin tỉ số, kết quả trận đấu cực nhanh
Thông tin thống kê chi tiết , chính xác
Hỗ trợ giao diện tiếng việt

4. Hệ sinh thái 7m

Hệ sinh thái mà 7m cung cấp là yếu tốt quyết định tới ngôi vị độc tôn của 7m tại China. Những số liệu thống kê chi tiết và chuyên nghiệp. Tại 7m người chơi cá độ có thể tìm bất cứ thông tin gì liên qua đến tỉ số, kèo bóng đá : từ phong độ 2 đội cho tới điểm rơi phong độ của các cầu thủ. Để từ đó bạn có cơ sở để đặt kèo. Ngoài ra nếu bạn khó khăn về tài chính thì tại đây cũng giới thiệu cho bạn một website uy tín để bạn có thể vay tiền trả góp để có thể tham gia chơi các cược mà không bị gián đoạn. là 1 website đi tiên phong trong lĩnh vực cung cấp dữ liệu bóng đá. Vì vậy, Các thông tin mà 7m lưu trữ rất lớn. Bạn có thể xem được lịch sử đối đầu của 2 đội bóng cách đây 10 năm… cũng như rất nhiều thông tin khác

5. Các chuyên gia nhận định bóng đá đến từ 7m

7m sở hữu hệ thống nhận lực và trang thiết bị đồ sộ. Họ có những con người hơn 20 năm chỉ làm 1 công việc đó là ăn và phân tích bóng đá. Bên cạnh đó với những số liệu thống kê chi tiết, chuyên nghiệp. Những bài phân tích, nhận định tỉ số, kèo bóng đá từ 7m rất chính xác.

Financial advice- 3 Bad Financial Habits you should ignore

You have received bad financial advice?  i think, maybe more than once? Is it accurate to say that it was from a partner, a relative, a companion, or even a financial guide?

Unfortunately, not every person can give great budgetary exhortation. In the event that somebody has no foundation nor involvement in individual fund and ventures, at that point they’ll in all probability give confused money related counsel.

Bad Financial Habits

We focus so much on finding something good about finance that we don’t notice what terrible advice looks like. Bellow are some financial advice we heard many time but you should’n follow them! Why? Let’s find out.

Use Credit cards

Credit cards have destroyed the lives of many people. You needn’t bother with it.

In the event that you don’t have a credit card, at that point you’re passing up a great opportunity for the chance to do monetary use.

Besides, on the off chance that you have a credit card, at that point you don’t need to bring cash on your wallet. Furthermore, you can’t focus on what you buy.

Credit card don’t give you free cash, so never utilize it to purchase things you can’t manage. Furthermore, never utilize it just to get remunerate focuses, which is a typical reason for superfluous spending.

Long-term savings plans

Savers = losers ?

In fact, no one became rich by saving money. Investment is the best way to become rich..

It gives the idea that you ought not keep cash in the bank. At the point when all your money is contributed, at that point you’re in danger when a financial emergency happens.

You can also heard life insurance is the bets Long-term savings . This is an incredible alternative for people who have dependants, for example, youngsters or elderly guardians. However, in the event that you are a solitary individual without any dependants, you may pay for something nobody you are near will profit by.

You should learn the habit of saving. It’s a foundational ability for riches building. At that point guarantee appropriate monetary assurance by making a secret stash, and getting wellbeing and life coverage.

Financial exchange

A short time later, that is the time you ought to invest. Now, try to invest frequently and as much as you can bear.

Buying a house – the best investment

Obviously property can be a decent speculation, however it isn’t ALWAYS the best one. You ought to likewise observe different costs that accompany getting property, costs that most land operators never enlighten you concerning until you’ve marked the papers and made the buy, for example, protection, expenses, and upkeep costs, among others. Maybe you must borrow money and try to pay off your personal loan. 

The land showcase is known for its unpredictability. So in the event that somebody lets you know, with supreme sureness, that your property’s estimation will never decay, reconsider. As one of our qualified money related counsels says, “There is no such thing as a ‘best venture’. It’s tied in with getting proficient exhortation on what’s most proper given one’s individual conditions.”

Or more all, recall that property is utilized, so in the event that you are obtaining 70% of the estimation of the property and it ascends in esteem, your benefits are misrepresented by your acquiring. In like manner, if the property falls in value, your losses are misrepresented.

Above is terrible pieces of financial advice that you shouldn’t allow. Let’s create a better life begin making sound financial decisions for yourself and your family.

Save for longterm healthcare

You will always have an excuse not to save or invest.

No matter what your excuse is, one thing for sure.

– You’re going to get old next year
– Your child will grow up and enter college
– You will eventually retire and stop making active income… 

long term healthcare

You don’t need to save for longterm healthcare now because you still have healthcare from my company/employer.

BUT  You need it NOW!

Funeral plan for yourself

Most people focus on linear income in the name of salary, allowances and one-off payments. Wise men on the other hand focus on “passive income” in the name of  interest rates, royalties,  value addition and profit.

Relying on linear income is similar to using buckets to fetch water from the river. With time, you’ll get too old and too tired to transport them to and fro and that means you’ll have to starve for as long as you don’t go to the river.

Relying on passive income on the other hand is similar to building a pipeline. It might require a great deal of work toward the start however with time, you’ll never again need to go to the river to get water – the river will come to you and you’ll not starve.

This is the most fundamental principal of wealth creation that most (including you) are oblivious about.


1. The best time to save for your longterm healthcare is NOW, especially that you still have healthcare provided by your employer.

2. The purpose of longterm healthcare is to give you peace of mind when you get sick and you no longer have healthcare provided by your employer because you are no longer employed (retired).

3. Most of the illnesses come during retirement years and is the common reason of financial disaster in most families.

4. The moment you delay, you may no longer get approved because of health issues and age. Only ages between 10-60 can avail and get started with the program.

5. LTC is also designed as a savings program. If unused, fund value goes up every year giving you millions of healthcare funds during retirement.

Know more about longterm healthcare and get started as soon as possible.

47 Steps to Save Money

saving money

Managing money like learning to ride a bike. Many people are most interested to look for the best way to make more money. However, save money is more important than make money!

How to save money & how to make extra money.

How personal loans Work and traps to avoid

Here are 47 finance tips to use money smartly and cleverly!!!

Small Savings

saving money

  1. To get start, you can take the small steps:
  2. Shoeboxed: It is a free  online service where you are keeping track of things
  3. Using  online Rebate Programs.
  4. Clip coupons.
  5. Don’t buy coffee every day.
  6.  Bring your lunch to work with you
  7.  Apply for rebates.
  8.  Cook at home- It’s can make for healthier, less expensive and dining.
  9. Leftovers
  10. Buy generic (store ) brands
  11. Drink water from the tap
  12. Stay away from vending machines
  13. Eat out during lunch
  14. Make your own laundry detergent
  15. Use homemade household cleaners
  16. Use customer rewards
  17. Make gifts for others
  18. Entertain at home rather than going out
  19. Spend quality time with the family
  20. Replace soda with water
  21. Home haircuts
  22. Get your music streamed

Medium Savings

Then, you should take it up level

  1. Cut the cable/satellite
  2. Get rid of a phone
  3. Use your library
  4. Get ebooks
  5. Cancel subscriptions
  6. Be more energy efficient at home
  7. Improve your fuel efficiency
  8. Avoid driving
  9. Properly care for what you have
  10. Cancel your gym membership
  11. Ask to have fees waived
  12. Travel smart
  13. Look for low-fee investments

Big Stuff

 Here are a few ways you should really kickstart your savings in a big way.

  1. Refinance your home
  2. Increase your insurance deductibles
  3. Pay down consumer debt
  4. Buy a late model used/lease return

Change your Habits 

If you want to save money, you should change and develop your habits 

  1. Learn to say no
  2. Practice conscious spending
  3. Avoid spending triggers
  4. Automate your savings
  5. Institute a waiting period
  6. Comparison shop
  7. Consider used

We hope that you will find these tips helpful. Sharing your saving tips in the comment box. Thanks for reading!

Source: FinancialHighway

All That Glitters

Every investment decision has its pros and cons. And yet, one has to search far and wide in order to find an argument against a gold investment. Many pro-gold articles, such as found at Gold Eagle or 321gold, are written by those tied closely with the gold exchange, and have a very good reason for their bullish outlook. Other articles fall squarely into the “doom and gloom” camp, of which gold has long been the favorite. It seems that no one is motivated to take the other side.

It’s high time this was rectified. In an effort to present both sides of the coin (no pun intended), I have delved deep into the underbelly of the Internet to bring you a rational debate against gold. But first, a disclaimer. I am not personally anti-gold, nor am I recommending you avoid gold in your investment portfolio. There are in fact many good reasons to invest in gold. I am merely presenting some thoughts to consider when making an investment decision.

1. Gold makes a Lousy Investment

An investment, strictly put, is an exchange of existing value (typically cash) for something that you anticipate will result in an increase in value. Basically, you are hoping to make a profit: a nice solid return that you can brag about over the dinner table. Primarily, this profit is earned either by reoccurring payments (i.e. dividends), or appreciation – of which gold only has the later. Typically, appreciation is magnified through leveraging, the practice of which gold does not offer. However, this may be a good thing, as the value of gold has been headed down for the last 25 years:
As steady as the tortoise, gold has been sinking since 1980. Over the last three years the price has been picking up, but it is still well within the overall downward trend. “Don’t forget about the spike in 1980,” I hear the gold zealots saying. True, gold spiked almost 20 times in the course of just a few years. However, when compared to the big picture, it is comparatively small. For example:
When comparing the growth rate of gold to that of the Dow Jones, you can see the the spike in 1980 is overwhelmed by the growth of the stock market. Worse still, the risk you incur trying to “time the market” can be devastating. While a handful of investors where lucky enough to sell at the top of 1980, and make a fortune, this quick buy-and-sell strategy is not only terribly difficult to pull off, but also quite risky. For example, the very next year gold shed over 25% its value. Alex Wallenwein of Safe Haven summed it up well when he said “…as an ‘investment’, gold absolutely sucks.”

2. Gold is Not Inflation Proof

One of the biggest arguments for owning gold is its supposed ability to withstand inflation. As the general price of goods rises, so does the price of gold, or so the story goes. However, the numbers just don’t bare this out. Behold:
In the last 20 years, while overall inflation has nearly doubled the price of consumer goods, the price of gold has barely risen 10%. In fact, previous to the last three years, gold was cruising along at 20% less than it’s original value. To understand this, you must appreciate two things: 1) Gold is a very emotionally driven commodity, and as such, will rocket up during times of concern, but will equally crash during times of confidence. This is what causes the volatility in gold, not inflation. 2) Unlike other commodities, gold is controlled by a handful of world banks, who have an interest in keeping the price of gold steady. While gold does perform well during times of financial stress, typically its value does not grow fast enough to keep up with inflation.

3. Is Gold really all that Secure?

My favorite argument for owning gold is the professed safety it provides during calamity. “You can sleep easy, knowing that when the U.S. economy shoots straight down the toilet, your gold will provide you with all the bartering capability you need.” Hum.

One result of the Great Depression commonly left out of high school history books was the United States Government’s seizure of all privately held gold. On April 5th, 1933, in a desperate attempt to lessen the effects of bank runs, President Franklin Roosevelt commanded all citizens “return” their gold. The very wording implied that the government considered its self the original and rightful owner of all gold in the nation. While Roosevelt assured the country “the order is limited to the period of the emergency,” this order remained in force for over forty years.

It is not unforeseeable for the U.S. government, finding its self in another time of crisis, to again claim the nation’s gold. A plummeting U.S. dollar will eventually need to be backed by something, in order for foreign economies to feel it is worth more than the paper it is printed on.

Even more probable is the sale of huge amounts of gold by the central banks of the world. The vast majority of the world’s gold is controlled by a handful of large national banks. They periodically release some of this store to the world, in order to keep gold prices at bay. However, these banks have made it clear on several occasions that should we find ourselves in economic turmoil, they would sell off large portions of their reserve, driving the price of gold down.

In conclusion, gold may not be the safe harbor it is touted as. When it comes to “economic disaster securities”, one must consider the political aspects of a world in crisis, not just the economic. Right or wrong, gold is a controlled substance, with a turbulent history. And more important still, should we find ourselves in such a disaster, gold may glitter, but it can be pretty hard to eat.

Raw Food Diet Benefits

Eating uncooked foods is actually pure. Our systems thrive on everything is vital as well as new. A fresh meals diet regimen (or boosting the amount of natural food items that our customers take in) is expected to make an emotion of increased wellness, and reduced nail fungus as seen in Zetaclear Reviews.

Raw food diets are based upon unprocessed and also raw plant foods items, if possible natural, like a range of fresh fruits and veges, crazies, seeds, pellets, dried out fruit, fresh juices and also filtered water.

Raw food

Why Raw Foods

Generally an all-vegetable food, the fresh food items eating plan markets eating and drinking ‘residing’ foods. Living foods and also juices contain the total volume of thread found in rough production, thread that may be shed in handling. Such foods are conveniently metabolized and also have the tendency to be actually reduced in energies in comparison to the typical eating plan.

Home heating meals above 116 degrees destroys enzymes in food that help in food digestion as well as in intake of food, decreasing its healthy value, as seen in the special website.

Benefits of a Raw Food Diet

An eating plan of at the very least 75 % raw food items gives numerous health and wellness advantages, such as improved power, boosted face appearance, much better the digestive system, weight-loss and lowered hazard of severe illnesses like heart ailment, diabetes and also cancer cells.

A raw meals diet consists of little or no filled fatty tissues, is low in sodium, higher in blood potassium, foliate, fiber and magnesium mineral.
Uncooked meals diet plans are actually additionally great cleansing diets. Different blends of raw, living meals and juices could be utilized for colon purifying, liver organ purifying, kidney purifying and face purifying.

The Basics of a Raw Food Diet

Any kind of fresh fruits, veggies, grains, seeds, beans, crazies, legumes, young coconut milk– even seaweed– may be menu objects of a raw food items diet. Your option of foods items could depend on your explanations for diet programs:.

– sprouted wild rice slows blood sugar absorption and enhances the metabolic process.

– broccoli supports healthy and balanced cellular feature; radish leaves serve as an anti-oxidant, as performs Shitake mushroom.

-carrots are actually a good resource of supplement An and also encouraging well-balanced eyesight and also a healthy cardiovascular unit.

Our customers can easily use a sprouter like the Easy Green automated sprouter to sprout seeds, pellets, beans– also wheat grass. Sprouts might be referred to as a ‘extremely food items’– all natural sprouts include substantial amounts of healthy proteins, vitamins, minerals, trace element, chlorophyll pigments and also enzymes, and also are the optimal real supplement.

Sprouts could be utilized in mixed greens as well as soups, or may be juiced. New juices are actually an excellent prepared power supply as well as a top quality juice machine, including the Kempo Greenpower juicer, creates dwelling juices that contain important nutrients.
A wonderful juicing recipe to go with a natural food items weight loss is carrot juice with potato, fennel as well as apple. Merely juice 4 tool carrots, 2 apples, 1 nobody and also 1 little stalk of fennel.
Fennel has actually been actually presented to control and decrease inflammation of joint inflammations, it evens out frame of mind fluctuation and oppressive states and possesses the rare nutrition contacted manganese, plus zinc oxide and vitamin B complex.
The nutritional market value of pellets and also seeds is actually impressive. They contain the majority of the vitamins– particularly A, B, and also E. They’re likewise great natural resources of unsaturated fatty acids and lecithin, and also an impressive source of healthy proteins.

Our customers can perhaps even make use of soy milk molds (including SoyQuick) to produce non-dairy cocktails with different grains, rice, grains, crazies as well as seeds to possess with morning meal. If our customers desire something a bit even more substantial than soy milk you can easily produce your tofu (or even, naturally, head to an excellent health and wellness food items shop).

Basically, the suggestion of an uncooked food items diet is actually to consume unrefined meals for at the very least 75 % of the amount of time. If the idea of biting meals isn’t quite tasty to you, you could warm up the food items a slightly so long as the food really isn’t heated above 116 degrees.

Cautionary Note.

Just like any type of significant modification in diet regimen, it is actually prudent suggestion to consult your specialist right before starting an unique food. This is especially accurate for children, expectant women, any individual along with bloodlessness and any individual with a per-existing med disorder.

Even health foods may contrast with particular prescription medications, so please inquire your doctor or even pharmacist if our customer having any type of prescription medication.

Considering that a biting food items diet plan is actually detoxifying some individuals endure a mild detoxing response consisting of moderate frustrations, nausea and hungers. These symptoms might last for many times and also our customer will obtain additional fulfillment from your raw food items diet if our customers lowered factors like meat product, sugar as well as high levels of caffeine a full week approximately right before commencing the weight loss.

Last But Not Least.

A rough meals diet plan is actually definitely a good method to strengthen your total health and wellness as well as health. Given that many of the meals for this specific style of diet regimen are actually made coming from scrape there is some prep work time included.

Merged with regular exercise, a raw food items diet regimen is additionally a great fat burning approach. If our customer have been feeling slightly off’, or merely need a spark plug and also some added power, at that point a raw meals diet plan is certainly a great way to go.

Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Ile de la Cite, 1er

More than 600,000 tourists climb the 367 stairs of the Notre Dame towers every year. Most enjoy the panoramic vistas of Paris and the famous gargoyles. However, over 30 people have committed suicide by jumping from its towers in the last century. Some deaths coming from these jumps do not only involve the jumper, but occasionally unsuspecting tourists below. The first drama of this kind happened on October 3, 1964, when a 37-year old French woman jumped onto an American visitor from the 49 meters high “tour de ronde platform.” On August 7, 1983, a woman jumped and landed on a Canadian tourist killing her instantly. The same scenario again on June 26, 1989 when a man jumped from one of the towers and fell on a 13 year old girl who was waiting to enter the cathedral.

Pont de Bir-Hakeim, 15e

Pont de Bir-Hakeim, 15e

Pont de Bir-Hakeim, 15e

In the spring of 1942, the Free French Forces, a part of the Resistance, engaged the German army under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in battle on the Pont de Bir-Hakeim, giving notice to the world that the French had not given up their city and country to the Germans. The bridge, built for the Universal Exhibition of 1900, was called the Passy Viaduct prior to being renamed in 1949 as a tribute to General Koenig’s June 1942 victory in Libya.

Gare de l’Est, Place du 8 Mai 1945, 10e

Gare de l’Est, Place du 8 Mai 1945, 10e

Gare de l'Est, Place du 8 Mai 1945, 10e

The Gare de l’Est was used by the Germans in World War II as the point of departure for Parisian Jews for the Nazi concentration camps. During the German occupation of Paris, around 20,000 Parisian Jews were sent to concentration camps. The Place du 8 Mai 1945 is named for the date in which Germany surrendered to the Allies ending World War II in Europe.

Jardin du Luxembourg, Boulevard Saint-Michel, 6e

Jardin du Luxembourg, Boulevard Saint-Michel, 6e

Jardin du Luxembourg, Boulevard Saint-Michel, 6e

On June 14, 1940, Paris fell to the Germans. During the occupation, the Palace and grounds of the Jardin du Luxembourg became a German stronghold. The Third Luftwaffe, an air division, headquartered themselves in the Palace and positioned blockhouses amid the trees. The German Schutzstaffel (SS) mined the palace and gardens with several tons of TNT and then arrayed themselves and their tanks on the lawns. The Luxembourg was the first German strongpoint in Paris to be attacked by the Forces Francaises de l’Interieur, a part of the Resistance, and the last to fall.

Tour Eiffel, Champ-de-Mars, 7e

Tour Eiffel, Champ-de-Mars, 7e

Tour Eiffel, Champ-de-Mars, 7e

In 1912 a Parisian tailor named Reisfeldt attempted to fly from the top of the Tour Eiffel using only a modified cape for wings. In front of a large crowd, he plunged to his death. According to the autopsy he died of a heart attack before even touching the ground.

177 Galerie de Valois, Le Palais Royal, 1er

177 Galerie de Valois, Le Palais Royal, 1er

During the Revolution, Charlotte Corday, a well brought up girl from Caen, decided that the Revolution had gone too far, as evidenced by the execution of King Louis XVI and the overthrow of the Girondins in the National Convention. She felt that Jean-Paul Marat, a radical journalist and leader of the Paris Commune and Jacobin Party, was to blame. On July 13, 1793, she obtained a meeting with Marat because she had “information to give him.” During the meeting, which took place in his bathroom while he was bathing, she stabbed him to death using a knife bought at the cutlery establishment that once occupied 177 Galerie de Valois in the Palais Royal. She was guillotined on July 17.

Corner of Rue Saint Antoine and Rue Pavee, 4e

Corner of Rue Saint Antoine and Rue Pavee, 4e 

Corner of Rue Saint Antoine and Rue Pavee, 4e

Princesse de Lamballe was a friend and confidant of Queen Marie-Antoinette. During the Revolution she was imprisoned and refused to swear against the King. Because of this, she was torn apart by a deranged street mob at the corner of rue Saint Antoine and rue Pavee. Her impaled head was paraded north through the streets of the Marais to the Temple Prison where the Queen was being held and exhibited under her window.

Conciergerie, 1 Quai de l’Horloge, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Conciergerie, 1 Quai de l’Horloge, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Conciergerie, 1 Quai de l'Horloge, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Serving as a prison from 1391 to 1914, the Conciergerie held notorious prisoners including Ravaillac, the assassin of Henri IV; the mass poisoner La Marquis de Brinvilliers, who had eliminated the better part of her household; and the bandit Cartouche, at one time the terror of Paris. During the French Revolution, the Conciergerie was known as the “anteroom of the guillotine” and prisoners such as Queen Marie-Antoinette were held there awaiting their executions. More than 2,700 people spent their last nights here before being carted to the guillotines.

Pont de la Concorde, 7e

Pont de la Concorde, 7ePont de la Concorde, 7e

At half past three on July 14, 1789, a large mob marched on the Bastille, searching for gunpowder and prisoners of the unpopular King Louis XVI. The prison was heavily guarded but eventually the mob got in and rescued the seven prisoners being held there. Two days after the storming of the Bastille, the National Assembly ordered that it be burned to the ground. The crowds cheered as the prison walls crumbled. The same stones that fell when the Bastille was burned were used to build the Pont de la Concorde over the Seine, connecting Place de la Concorde on the Right bank and the Palais Bourbon on the Left bank.

Le Petit Cardinal

Le Petit Cardinal

In the 17th century a different theatre stood where the famous Comedie-Francaise is now. Richelieu, the Prime Minister of France built this theatre, Le Petit Cardinal, for his palace. In that theatre at 10:00 p.m. on February 17, 1673, Moliere was acting the part of Argan in Le Malade Imaginaire when he collapsed on the stage and died of a heart attack.

Paris vaut bien une messe

Paris vaut bien une messe


In 1593, four years after his accession to the throne of France, Henri IV agreed to convert from his Protestant faith to Catholicism to put an end to the bloody strife between the two religions, saying “Paris vaut bien une messe” (“Paris is well worth a mass”). On May 14, 1610, King Henri IV was in his royal coach traveling from the Louvre to the Arsenal, near the Bastille while happily absorbed in a letter. On rue de la Ferronnerie, the coach was held up and a mentally deranged man named Ravaillac stabbed the King to death

l’Auxerrois, 2 Place du Louvre, 1er

l’Auxerrois, 2 Place du Louvre, 1er


On August 24, 1572 at the stroke of midnight, three bells on the Eglise St-Germain-l’Auxerrois sounded signaling the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew’s Day. The Catholics and Protestants had been fighting in Paris for a half-century over religious differences. The King ordered the massacre of Protestants because of recent rumors that the Protestants were going to kill him. Three thousand Protestants were slaughtered in Paris that night and over eight thousand in other French cities.

Forum des Halles, 101 Porte Berger, 1er

Forum des Halles, 101 Porte Berger, 1er


Forum des Halles sits on the site of Les Halles, a popular public market for many centuries. During the 14th to 16th century it was also used as a place for public executions and punishments. The beheadings were preceded by the customary methods of torture and followed by the unrelenting mutilation of the bodies in the streets.

Palais de Justice, Rue de Harlay, Ile de la Cite, 1er

Palais de Justice, Rue de Harlay, Ile de la Cite, 1er


In 1357, a bloody revolt led by the Provost of merchants, Etienne Marcel, tried to overthrow the current monarchy. Marcel was a prosperous clothier from an established middle class Parisian family who opposed the failing government of the Dauphin. On February 22, the Dauphin was sitting with two of his counselors inside the Palais de Justice, when Marcel’s men erupted into the palace and murdered the Dauphin’s counselors. The Dauphin was unhurt and went on to ascend the throne at age eighteen as Charles V.

Paris Beyond the Image

A historical photographic essay by Jordan Gadd, May 2002. Focusing on places where violent events occurred and how those places look today.
  • – Paris – Beyond the Image
  • – Text Sources
  • – Palais de Justice, Rue de Harlay, Ile de la Cite, 1er
  • – Forum des Halles, 101 Porte Berger, 1er
  • – Eglise St-Germain-l’Auxerrois, 2 Place du Louvre, 1er
  • – Rue de la Ferronnerie, 1er
  • – Comedie-Francaise, 2 Rue de Richelieu, 1er
  • – Fontaine des Innocents, Place Jean du Bellay, 1er
  • – Pont de la Concorde, 7e
  • – Eglise Saint-Joseph des Carmes, 70 Rue de Vaugirard, 6e
  • – Conciergerie, 1 Quai de l’Horloge, Ile de la Cite, 1er
  • – Place de la Concorde, 8e
  • – Corner of Rue Saint Antoine and Rue Pavee, 4e
  • – 177 Galerie de Valois, Le Palais Royal, 1er
  • – Palais du Luxembourg, 15 Rue de Vaugirard, 6e
  • – Tour Eiffel, Champ-de-Mars, 7e
  • – Palais Bourbon, Place du Palais Bourbon, 7e
  • – Jardin du Luxembourg, Boulevard Saint-Michel, 6e
  • – Gare de l’Est, Place du 8 Mai 1945, 10e
  • – Fondation Fernand Halphen, 10-12 Rue des Deux-Ponts, Ile Saint-Louis, 4e
  • – Pont de Bir-Hakeim, 15e
  • – Cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Ile de la Cite, 1er
  • – Jo Goldenberg Delicatessen Store, 7 Rue des Rosiers, 4e
  • – The End
This gallery is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Photograph and text compilation by Jordan Gadd of
Created for the web 3 March 2003 with snapGallery.

Place de la Concorde, 8e

Place de la Concorde, 8e


In the center of Place de la Concorde, the former Place Louis XV, called Place de la Revolution during the Revolution, is a 3,000-year old Egyptian obelisk. This obelisk sits on top of the site of the guillotine that sliced off the heads of more than 1,400 people during the last six weeks of the Reign of Terror.

Fontaine des Innocents, Place Jean du Bellay, 1er

Fontaine des Innocents, Place Jean du Bellay, 1er


For centuries Parisian remains were piled up in the Cimetiere des Saints-Innocents but by the late 18th century the stench and the danger of epidemics were so great that a general outcry arose. To remedy the situation the city converted the quarries in the fourteenth arrondissement into the Catacombs, a maze of tunnels and rooms filled with bones and skulls. The transfer of the cemetery’s remains to the newly opened Catacombs started in April of 1786 and took fifteen months. Night after night eerie processions carried draped remains from the different cemeteries of Paris to the Catacombs where an estimated two to six million people now lay.

Paris Beyond the Image


I was inspired to do this project by the W. Eugene Smith exhibit of Pittsburgh photographs at the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh and a photo essay book I found by Joel Sternfeld called On This Site – Landscape in Memoriam. It is a collection of photographs of typical-looking places in the United States.

Linked to each image is the story of a violent event related to that place. Sternfeld linked the images and stories to make an unforgettable statement. I tried to do the same in my Parisian photo essay. I researched Parisian history for places where significant acts of violence occurred and then photographed them. This photo essay is the result. What I learned from Sternfeld’s book and from my own experiences and what I hope to convey, is that violence does not always leave a permanent visual scar and that it is impossible to know and understand a place just by its facade, no matter how striking it is.

Jordan Gadd
Pittsburgh, PA 2002
jordan at egadd dot org


Vallois, Thirza. Around and About Paris: Volume One. London: Iliad Books, 1999.

Pientka, Cheryl A., Gaviria, Patricia. Frommer’s Paris. New York: IDG Books, 2001.

Lain, Larry. Paris for Families. New York: Interlink Books, 2001.

Kerper, Barrie. The Collected Traveler: Paris. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2000.

Cole, Robert. A Traveler’s History of France, Third Edition. New York: Interlink Books, 1995.

Cole, Robert. A Traveler’s History of Paris, Second Edition. New York: Interlink Books, 1998.

Tillier, Alan. Dorling Kindersley Travel Guides: Paris. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2000.

Morris, John G. Get the Picture: A Personal History of Photojournalism. New York: Random House, 1998.

Sternfeld, Joel. On This Site: Landscape in Memoriam. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1996.

Stephenson, Sam. Dream Street: W. Eugene Smith’s Pittsburgh Project. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2001.

Dennis, Lisl. Travel Photography: Developing a Personal Style. Somerville, Massachusetts: Curtin & London, Inc., 1983.

Wignall, Jeff. Kodak Guide to Shooting Great Travel Pictures. New York: Fodor’s Travel Publications, 2000.

Allen Rokacg and Millman, Anne. Focus on Travel, Creating Memorable Photographs of Journeys to New Places. New York: Abbeville Press, 1992. –

New York Institute of Photography – – –

New Advent –

Marie Antoinette & Charlotte Corday –

Les Orgues – –

raingod –

Jacks Inimitable Travel Guide –

Various articles from newspapers and magazines, including Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Cond้ Nast Traveler and Travel Holiday